Addition by Partitioning




Worked Examples of Addition by Partitioning

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In Years 3/4 children start to lay out numbers to be added vertically, to get ready for the introduction of column addition typically in Years 5/6.
When two-digit numbers are to be added, children are usually taught to add the tens first which gives a rough answer, and then add the units and add those to the total of the tens.
For three-digit numbers, the hundreds are added first, then the tens, and then the units.


Vertical Addition by Partition with 2-digit Numbers

  36
+ 47
  70  (30 + 40) Add the tens
  13  (6 + 7)   Add the units
  83



Vertical Addition by Partition with 3-digit Numbers

  125
+ 849
  900  (100 + 800) Add the hundreds
   60  (20 + 40)  Add the tens
   14  (5 + 9)    Add the units
  974


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